Fixed versus adjustable loans
With a fixed-rate loan, your monthly payment stays the same for the entire duration of your loan. The longer you pay, the more of your payment goes toward principal. The property taxes and homeowners insurance which are almost always part of the payment will go up over time, but in general, payments on fixed rate loans change little over the life of the loan.
During the early amortization period of a fixed-rate loan, most of your monthly payment goes toward interest, and a significantly smaller part goes to principal. As you pay on the loan, more of your payment goes toward principal.
Borrowers might choose a fixed-rate loan in order to lock in a low rate. Borrowers choose fixed-rate loans because interest rates are low and they want to lock in at this lower rate. If you have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) now, refinancing into a fixed-rate loan can provide more monthly payment stability. If you currently have an Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM), we can assist you in locking a fixed-rate at the best rate currently available. Call Bob Rutledge Mortgage at 3149139678 to discuss how we can help.
Adjustable Rate Mortgages — ARMs, as we called them above — come in even more varieties. Generally, interest rates for ARMs are based on an outside index. A few of these are: the 6-month CD rate, the one-year Treasury Security rate, the Federal Home Loan Bank's 11th District Cost of Funds Index (COFI), or others.
Most ARM programs have a cap that protects you from sudden monthly payment increases. There may be a cap on interest rate variances over the course of a year. For example: no more than two percent a year, even though the index the rate is based on goes up by more than two percent. Your loan may have a "payment cap" that instead of capping the interest directly, caps the amount that the monthly payment can increase in a given period. Additionally, the great majority of ARMs feature a "lifetime cap" — the rate can't ever exceed the capped amount.
ARMs usually start out at a very low rate that may increase as the loan ages. You've probably read about 5/1 or 3/1 ARMs. In these loans, the initial rate is fixed for three or five years. After this period it adjusts every year. These kinds of loans are fixed for 3 or 5 years, then they adjust. These loans are best for borrowers who anticipate moving in three or five years. These types of adjustable rate loans are best for people who will sell their house or refinance before the loan adjusts.
You might choose an Adjustable Rate Mortgage to get a very low introductory interest rate and count on moving, refinancing or simply absorbing the higher rate after the initial rate expires. ARMs can be risky in a down market because homeowners could be stuck with rates that go up if they can't sell or refinance with a lower property value.
Have questions about mortgage loans? Call us at 3149139678. We answer questions about different types of loans every day.