How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans to compile this score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in building a credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your FICO score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers will probably find their credit scores between 620 and 800.
Your score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is calculated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you must have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you must obtain your score and make certain that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and online tools that can help you improve your credit score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 3149139678.